Since the world began, many things are happening in the world. And so there are mysteries of the ancient world that cannot be explained and remains unsolved for years.
There are many mysteries in our ancient past with clues to them. They are in the form of sunken cities, artworks, ancient sculptures, paintings, and more. The new evidence is unlikely to come forward or the existing evidence is indefinite to solve or explain.
Here are some of the mysteries of the ancient world that remains unsolved and they are filled with doubts and confusion.
Mysteries of the ancient world
- The Mayan calendar
The Mayan Empire reach the height of its power and influence around the sixth century A.D. They excelled at agriculture, pottery, calendars, writing, and mathematics. They have left an impressive amount of architecture and symbolic work.
Maya was advanced in astronomy and mathematics and so developed the complex calendar system based on 365 days and later. It was designed to last over 5,000 years. There has been a lot of hand-writing over the supposed prophecies of the Maya Calendar.
The long count calendar has attracted so much international attention. It begins on the 11th of August 3114 BCE and goes into the next cycle of 21 December 2012 CE. Most people were feared and these worries were based on the finding that the Mayan long count calendar ends on the date which is December 21, 2012.
This confused many in thinking about whether is it the end of the world, the beginning of a new era, a new age, and so on. 2012 has passed but still, some people think that there is something to the prophecy.
- Was there a real king Arthur?
There are stories about King Arthur which have been told and retold numerous times over more than a thousand years. But was he actually a real person or a hero of Celtic mythology? The debate over this topic has gone on for centuries and they are unable to confirm that he really existed.
It is believed that he may have existed as a figurehead of their resistance against Saxons. The German tribes known as the Saxons trust the island of Britain from the East. According to medieval legend, King Arthur a dynamic Prince led the British force against the Saxons in the late 5th and early centuries.
He first appeared in the writings of the Welsh Cleric Nennius, who listed the 12 battles that the author has supposedly fought. When looking at the time and locations of the battle, it is found to be impossible for one man to have fought in all of them. The tales of King Arthur portrayed him as a heroic warrior who battled both humans and the Supernatural anyways.
These things called into question to believe it is a true story. Even king Arthur’s birthplace and operations are questionable. The Camelot associated with King Arthur was likely invented by the 12th-century French poet.
- The screaming mummy
In 1881, the screaming mummy was first discovered. This mommy was believed to have been a princess. This mommy had an agonized expression on her face and this has been the object of gossip. There have been many conspiracy theories about the expression on the face.
She lay in the Royal Cachette of Deir El-Bahari where the 21st and 22nd Dynasty priests had hidden the mummified bodies of deceased Royals so grave robbers will never find them.
One of the possible theories was the personal relationship with the victim and the ability to ensure the preservation of the body while the other was an actual murderer. There is a theory that says that the victim was buried alive, poisoning, or cold-blooded.
The reason for the death of the screaming mummy remains a mystery, and the question is did she scream because the pose of the face is something like an opening mouth?
The scans revealed that she had many of her organs removed and the heart, lungs, and trachea were present. Her brain was not removed and in death, it shriveled into the back right side of the skull.
The mummy stood just under 5 feet tall in life. Depending on the bones and teeth, it is believed that she died in her 50s. Her teeth were riddled with cavities, and some molars were rotted down to stumps.
It is believed that she died of a heart attack. However, this diagnosis is only a guess; atherosclerosis can also kill by causing a stroke, or the blockage of a blood vessel in the brain.
- Underwater ruins of Japan
On the southern coast of Yonaguni, Japan, a submerged ruin is located and it is estimated to be around 10,000 years old. This site was discovered in 1995 by a diver who strayed too far off the Okinawa shore and got struck when lost his balance upon the sunken arrangements.
This raised instant controversy and attracted crowds of diving archaeologists, hobbyists, and the media. The origin of this site is debated and many argue that it this man-made while some say it is carved by natural phenomena.
It is a series of natural rock formations which mysteriously featured perfect right angles and straight lines. Later, more serious attempts were made to gather information and map out the structure. Many surprising findings were revealed including massive arch or gateway of huge stone blocks which appeared to fit together perfectly.
Stairways, paved streets, crossroads, and grand staircases surrounded by pairs of towering features were found.
Experts theorize that the city did not exactly fall into the sea but became submerged as sea levels rose over thousands of years. After much research, many believe that this site could hold key information about other possible underwater cities around the world.
- Ever-burning lamps
Usually, fire is produced when certain things are present in the right proportions. If one of the things fails to present, it would extinguish the flame.
But there are lamps whose flames have continued burning for an exceptional amount of time without the help of humans. This phenomenon has no scientific explanation. They are so-called ever-burning lamps.
Writers have been recording the ever-burning lamps from various parts of the world at different points in history. According to Plutarch, the priests of the temple claimed that the lamp stood in the open air, and neither the wind nor rain extinguish it.
These lamps were discovered all over the world and were placed and sealed inside the tombs. It is believed that the lights guide the dead to the afterlife. The superstitious people tried to destroy the lamps and some blamed pagan priests for the phenomenon. A few people blamed the Devil and refused that the lamps could burn for a long period of time.
- The mysterious plain of jars
One of the mysteries of the ancient world is the plain of jars among the mountains in Laos, is a field that contains the Plain of Jars. They are known as massive stone jars, in which some are almost ten feet tall. They exist for more than 2,500 years ago.
It is believed that the jars were created by a race of giants after winning a great victory in the battle. The giants used the jars to brew and store Lau hai, which means “rice wine” or “rice beer”. A lot of jar sites have been identified which is up to 120, each containing stone jars hewn from either sandstone, conglomerate, limestone, granite, or breccia.
It is believed that the jars were built during the Iron Age, from 500 BC – 200 AD. An archaeologist has suggested that they could have been built as early as the second millennium BC.
Some human bones suggest that the jars might have been used for burial or to decompose bodies before being cremated or going to another part of the funeral process. During the Vietnam war, the undetonated U.S. bombs are scattered in the area, and so only seven of the 60 plain of jars sites are open to the public.
It is still confusion about who built them and why. It is this mystery that makes Laos’ Plain of Jars so compelling and fascinating. The research began in the early 1930s and the historians never managed to agree on which prehistoric civilization was responsible for these megaliths, or their purpose.
- Sunken City of Cuba
In May 2001, a Canadian company called Advanced Digital Communications made a discovery and it was the mystery of the ancient world. They were mapping the ocean bottom of Cuba’s territorial waters. When doing so, the Sonar readings reveal something unexpected. They found something 2200 feet below the surface where stones were laid out in a geometric pattern and looked like the ruins of a city.
The mystery is how nature could have built something so symmetrical and it is unacceptable to be natural. They believe it to be a great sunken City. They observed unusual formations of smooth blocks, geometric shapes, and crests. Some blocks looked like they were built in pyramid shapes and others were in circular shapes.
In July 2001, they took some images on the site that revealed large blocks of stone, measuring about 8 feet by 10 feet, and images are said to appear to reflect the ruins of a submerged city, but they were not able to come into a conclusion without further evidence. They estimated that it would take 50000 years for such structures to have sunken to the depth at which they were set to be found.
The news agencies reported similarities between the recent Discovery and the lost city of Atlantis. But such speculations with trashed and stated that the discovery cannot be compared.
- Paracas candelabra mystery
Some of the best-known geoglyphs on earth are the Nazca lines in Southern Peru. About 200 km Northwest of Nazca, there is another isolated and somewhat less popular geoglyphs called Paracas Candelabra, which is also known as the “Candelabra of the Andes”. This is because it resembles a three-branched candlestick.
It is etched on the sloping face of a hill at Pisco Bay on the Peruvian coast. The design has been cut into the soil to a depth of 2 feet using stones, and the figure is 181 m star and large enough to be seen as far as 20 km out that sea.
The overall shape of this is said to be a Trident that represents the lightning rod of the god Viracocha, a mythical figure in South America. Some find it to look like a cactus where the branches split out the into more branches
An Arthur called Frank Joseph obsessed with alternative theories has found the likeness of her hallucinogenic plant called Jimson in Paracas Candelabra. According to him, the theory is the prehistoric inhabitants travel North to California to collect the plant and the geoglyph was used to help navigate home. the locals believed that it was used by sailors to identify the Peninsula.
- Cleopatra’s tomb
Cleopatra VII was the lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony in the ancient world. She found herself on the losing end of a war and killed herself in 30 BC after she was captured by Roman Emperor Octavian. She killed herself by having a venomous snake called an asp bite her.
It was claimed by the ancient writers that Cleopatra VII and her lover Mark Antony were buried together in a tomb in 30 B.C. The writer Plutarch wrote that the tomb was located near a temple of Isis, who is an ancient Egyptian goddess. And the monument consisted of treasures made of gold, Emerald, pearls, silver, and ivory.
But the location remains a mystery. It got lost for more than 2000 years and the chances of finding Cleopatra’s tomb are said to be pretty low. In 2010, Egypt former antiquities minister conducted excavations at a site near Alexandria which is now called Taposiris Magna, which contains a number of tombs dating to the era when Cleopatra VII ruled Egypt.
Many archaeological discoveries were made, but her tomb was not found. According to some archaeologists, it is said that if Cleopatra’s survive to this day, it may be identifiable and would have been heavily plundered.
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