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If you see a number of wasps surrounding your home, it’s because there is a nest nearby. Different types of wasps build different wasp nests types. You may have seen strange, structures like clay or paper stuck on the side of your house. 

The wasp nests are not welcomed by humans usually, and when it comes to nests you need to be extremely careful because many types of wasps are defensive when it comes to their nests.

If you are interested in identifying the wasp nests types, or you want to know what left the nests there in order to remove it, here are some guides to different types of wasp nests, how are they built, where you can find them, and what you can do about it.

What are wasps?

The types of wasps

Wasps are actually dangerous and aggressive. So they have earned a bad reputation for themselves. There are over 30,000 wasp species identified in the world, including solitary and social species. 

The most commonly seen wasps are the black and yellow social species. They are actually considered to be annoying pests and nest in man-made structures. If you get too close to the nest, they can cause painful stings.  

Apart from them, there are wasp types which are mostly solitary and are pretty harmless. They play one of the major roles in the ecosystem and are largely helpful in the garden and for farmers. 

In the late summer months, the wasps can become more aggressive as their colonies grow and the resources will begin to decrease. 

Identifying wasp species can be difficult but the easiest way to identify them is through the wasp nests types. 

Different wasp nests types

There are various wasp nests types and discovering them around the home induces fear in many people. Some wasps defend their nests aggressively while others pose little threat to people. 

So learning to recognize the wasp types by observing the nest will allow you to know what you can do about it. 

Paper wasp nest 

This is one of the wasp types that create their nests like paper. But some types of paper wasps also create nests from mud. It is built of open-air cells hanging from a stalk, like an open umbrella from the side, and you will see it as a honeycomb-like cell structure from underneath. 

wasps nest types

They make their nests in sheltered areas including the eaves of houses, roof overhangs, tree branches, and inside sheds and garages. They are gray in color and shaped by hexagonal tubes similar to petioles and are typically around 4 inches (10 cm). It is rich in a deterring chemical that keeps the ants away. 

These paper wasps are social wasps but are not that aggressive. 

How to get rid of a paper wasp and the nest? 

If you doubt for any paper wasp be around your home, you need to be cautious. 

The best way to prevent a paper wasp from building a nest and avoiding getting stung is to make the who less attractive to such insects. You need to seal cracks and crevices in the home with a silicone-based caulk. if there are any tears on screens make sure to repair them. 

Keep the food covered because wasps can come in search of nourishment. Avoid wearing strong fragrances when going outside and opt for unscented hygienic products. 

Before trimming the shrubs or hedges, check the plant for any paper wasp nests to avoid contact. 

Yellowjackets nest

Yellow jackets build large colonial nests underground with many tiers of cells.  They are in paper material and have a single opening. The inside of a yellowjacket can have up to 100 tiers of cells. They have a thick protective envelope outside the nest with a single entrance. 

Inside the envelope, you find the first cell layer hanging, and each subsequent layer of cells hangs from the one above. It can reach the size of a basketball in mid-summer. 

Usually, you can find them in abandoned rodent burrows, rotten logs, pipes, and other structures with hollows. Some build hanging nests out in the open. Up to a few hundred yellowjacket wasps live in one colony because they are larger towards the summer. 

How to get rid of a yellowjacket and the nest? 

If you expect yellowjacket problems, you can find some simple steps to eliminate them. 

If you have a meal outside for your pet keep the food and drink covered as much as possible.  If you find any garbage cans, keep the lid tight, and remove standing water. 

Avoid perfumes with strong fragrances, shampoos with a good smell, and other scented body care products.  Yellow Jackets are attracted to colors that are bright especially yellow and floral patterns. So avoid wearing them. 

You can try homemade traps.  Fill a five-gallon bucket with soapy water and hang a protein bait a couple of inches above the water. Put a wide mesh screen over the bucket and bait to prevent your pet and other animals from eating it. The yellow jackets will grab the piece of bait too heavy to fly with, then fall down and get trapped in the water. 

Mud daubers nest 

If you find mud nests, then they must be Mud Daubers. These species find pure mud to create their nests as the material is easy to move. You’ll find the mud dauber nests to be cylindrical in shape. They are shaped like a tube for the wasp to travel easily from one end to another. 

nest built by mud daubers

Chamber after chamber the tube is sealed off, and each chamber is home to a wasp egg. They look bright color or dark color, depending on the mud color. Mud daubers are solitary wasps so they build single-family dwellings instead of bid colonial nests. 

They are not exceptionally durable and even small predators like the parasitic wasp species can easily make their way through a cylindrical nest. Instead of wood, the saliva is mixed with soil to make mud. 

You usually can find their nest on the side of a building or in a hole in the ground. There are species of mud daubers that prefer to steal the nest of other mud daubers.

How to get rid of mud daubers and the nest? 

Mud daubers sting humans rarely only if they are handled roughly or attacked.  So it is often advised to leave them alone and not get rid of them.  They usually feed on flies and spiders and are generally harmless to humans.

But if you want to get rid of them,  they are the easiest wasps.  Because they do not attack like other social wasps. 

You can spray the nest with wasp freeze,  and this will ensure that if there are any wasps,  they will die and will not attack when you try to remove the nest. 

Use a paint scraper to scrape the nest off the area with a paint scraper, and dispose of the broken nest and its contents. Spray the area with water to clean up the residue. 

Hornet nest

This is one of the wasp nests types. They are social wasps that build nests to live together.  Hornets mostly build aerial nests,  and these are the types of nests situated high above the ground, especially on trees. While some types of hornets build Nest Underground. You can find him living in tropical climates.

nest built by hornets

The Nest is made from paper and looks typically round or ball-shaped with holes at the bottom that serves as an entry point.  It also consists of small hexagonal chambers. These chambers are made from chewed pieces of wood that are turned into paper. 

They are very protective and female Hornets act together to defend their nest.  If Hornets sting humans it will result in high pain than the bee sting. They often grow to a size of a football or basketball. 

How to get rid of Hornets and the nest? 

It is better to get rid of the Hornets after sunset because the Hornets will attempt to attack you because they are unable to see well in the dark and will head to the light.  So make sure that you do not light yourself as the target. 

Have a quick knock-down product approved for use on wasps and hornets that will kill. 

It is better if you wear thick clothing as it can provide some defense against stings.  The best option is to wear a bee suit with the Val to cover the face.  Protect the eyes and face as much as you can and perform the task at hand. 

Cicada killer nest

Cicada Killer Nest

They are solitary and build complex underground nests. The main purpose of these underground nests is to provide a safe space for their eggs. They don’t appear much from the surface and only have one small opening just enough for a wasp to go through. 

The nests are complex and can be deep as a foot, which prevents the eggs from being an easy target. The nest contains oval-shaped cells, where they lay eggs. 

The common nesting areas for cicada killers include gardens, lawns, sandy areas at playgrounds or golf courses, and next to slabs. 

How to get rid of the Cicada killer and the nest?

They are equipped to sting and eject venom into cicadas to feed them to their larvae. They will sting if caught in clothing or by your bare hands. 

Although they are not aggressive, they have the tendency to dig and form large tunnels along the sidewalks and patio edges, gardens, flowerbeds, and lawns, resulting in damage. 

If you notice new holes or a developing nest, you can try to apply tempo Dust to the entrance of the holes. You can apply insecticidal dust in and around the burrow entrance to kill them. Keep the entrance to the tunnel open so the wasp can go back into the area treated with dust.

Where to find wasps nests?

The best way to find an underground wasp nest is to observe where the wasps seem to come and go from. If you can trace them back to their hole in the ground or other types of nest sites, you’ll know where the nest is, even though you can’t see it.

Most Wasps can be very defensive of their nests, where Social wasps will secrete an alarm pheromone that calls the rest of the colony into action, which means that you could easily find yourself in a swarm of stinging insects. So if you accidentally come across a nest, you need to be cautious. 

It is important to find nests by monitoring wasps and checking cavities and sheltered areas before you, a family member, or a pet accidentally triggers their defense mechanism.

Wasps are useful to have around, you should leave them to be if you think that they will not cause any trouble but if you find a wasp nest in your house, you should get rid of it.

Final thoughts

There are 30,000 species of wasps in the world, but only a few wasps are dangerous and will cause trouble to humans. There are many different wasp nests types. Even if you can’t identify the wasp species, you will be able to find it out by looking at the wasp nests types.

Wasps use paper or mud to build their nests with many chambers. You can find them underground, in trees, houses, and buildings. They prefer to live in man-made structures, rodent burrows, or steal the nests of other wasps. 

You can find out what kind of nest you are dealing with and what you can do to get rid of the wasps and the wasp nest types. 

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