Most of you would prefer to have cute, fluffy, and beautiful dogs like Pomeranian, golden retriever, and various other modern animals. But how many of you know about the oldest dog, the Mexican hairless dog which is known for its calm and loyal characteristics? This dog has a history of more than 3,500 years and you cannot easily find it, as it is a rare and unique dog in the US. They make a great companion for people because of their calm personality and moderate need for exercise. Moreover, they are the first dogs to be domesticated by humans for more than 3000 years. If you want to know more about this unique dog, then continue reading.
What are Mexican Hairless dogs?
These dogs are also called Xoloitzcuintli dogs or just Xolo dogs which are recognized as the first dogs to set their existence in the North American continent. As a first impression, these dogs will not look good, because they are Lean, well-muscled, with a slightly long body. they have almond-shaped eyes, yellow to black in color. They look smart with wrinkled Brows with a smooth body, webbed feet, and a long and fine tail. These dogs with unusual looks are in different sizes who would not run you off your feet. But still, they are described as dogs the chase animals with a Predatory and stubborn characteristic.
The hairlessness of this dog is because of the genetic mutation responsible for lacking premolars. These hairless sometimes come with a variety of coatings. Everyone will not like them, and if you think that they won’t fit you, then it is better to drop the idea of domesticating them. But if you have an intention of bringing one home, then there will be a protective watchdog for you. There are about 30,000 Mexican hairless dogs worldwide and 1,000 in the united states.
History of the Xoloitzcuintli breed
Many findings have revealed that this dog is the man’s best friend to the ancient Aztec and Mayas. Aztecs name them Xolotl which means the god of lightning and death and the word itzcuintli means dog.
The Aztec believed that this dog was created by God to guard the humans and guide them through the underworld on the way to heaves. And this is why Xoloitzcuintli is considered the national dog of Mexica.
They were guardians who would protect people from intruders and evil spirits according to Aztecs. They have properties of healing because without having fur to hold body heat they radiate more warmth than any other dog and they are heating pads on cold nights. They are still believed to prevent and cure issues like toothaches, asthma, and insomnia.
But this was rejected by modern science, and they have said that these dogs can still offer benefits like lowering stress, and blood pressure.
In1887, the breed was recognized for the first time by the American Kennel club and referred them as Mexican hairless. A dog called Mee Too was the first dog to be registered with AKC. but later only a little was heard from the breed until 1940, when a dog called Chinito Jr, became the first dog to earn the championship of AKC.
The pet stores had fewer stocks and in 1959, the AKC deregistered it. People brought it back from extinction and but now it is back into a rarity.
How to take care?
This is an intelligent breed and it is easy to train if it is being given consistently. The training should be gentle because harsh training will be hard for Xolo to respond. The adult dogs are known for being composed and relaxed but the puppies will be more energetic and will need more attention and exercise with mentally stimulating toys.
This will make the puppy into a good companion dog. They are sensitive and smart dogs so it is better to give them some positive training.
They need a calm environment and it is better if you are a family with no small children, as they are not the best fit for little children. Due to their hunting characteristics, it is better to keep them in an environment with high fences and closed gates so that they do not escape.
They need little grooming, with a general cleanse with a soft and warm cloth. While you groom, check for rashes, sores, or infection signs in the nose, mouth, eyes, or feet. For an adult Xolo, moderate exercises are enough with daily walks and outdoor play in warm weather. But do not leave them outdoors for a longer time. Make sure that the skin doesn’t get much dried so do regular checkups. Products like shampoos, lotions, and other products that cause irritation should be avoided. Other than that they are indoor dogs so harsh sunlight, as well as cold temperatures, are not safe for the dog. Give them a sweater during cold seasons.
Trim their nails weekly and make them use to such things in the earlier time. Brush their teeth daily or at least 2 or 3 times a week.
Feed them depending on their size, build, age, activity level, and metabolism. Depending on the size, it is better to provide them with 5/8 to 1.75 cups of high-quality dog food. Divide this into two meals. overfeeding can lead to obesity and stress the joints of the dog. Make sure to keep them in good shape, feeding them twice a day. Place your hands on the back, while placing the thumbs on the spine with fingers spread downward. If you are able to feel the ribs without pressing hard, if not then you should reduce the amount of food and increase the level of exercise.
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